Cannabis 101: Plant Basics

Welcome to the Cannabis 101 series! In today’s cannabis industry, there is so much more to consider than just “growing weed” and selling it. There are various types of cannabis with different properties and increasing your knowledge of the plant itself is crucial to market success and finding your niche. To find out some basic need-to-know cannabis terminology, read more below.

What is a cannabinoid?

Cannabinoids are one of the main compounds found in the cannabis plant that provides medicinal qualities. The two main cannabinoids are THC and CBD. People use both cannabinoids to provide beneficial effects, but most strains of cannabis flower or products that you can find at the dispensary are high in THC. CBD flower and products are available, but it doesn’t have the same effects as products that have a higher concentration of THC.

What is the difference between THC and CBD?

Both THC and CBD are cannabinoids that are found in varying amounts in cannabis. However, there are some distinct differences. CBD is psychoactive, but not in the same way as THC. Essentially, CBD doesn’t have the same “high” or euphoric feeling that THC provides. CBD has been shown to help anxiety, depression, nausea, inflammatory bowel disease, inflammation/pain, migraines, and seizures. THC is used to help pain, muscle spasms, glaucoma, insomnia, low appetite/nausea, and anxiety.

What is a terpene?

Terpenes are the scent compounds that give each cannabis strain it’s unique aroma. Hundreds of terpenes can be found in small amounts in the plant, but there are 8 main ones: myrcene, caryophyllene, limonene, pinene, linalool, terpinolene, humulene, and ocimene. Terpenes and cannabinoids work together to activate the endocannabinoid system, which helps your body maintain balance. This is how the “high” feeling or feeling of relief is achieved when using cannabis products.

Can hemp make you high?

Hemp is a form of the cannabis plant that has been used for a variety of purposes for more than 10,000 years. It can even be found in foods at the grocery store now. As such, hemp has been removed from the Controlled Substances Act. Hemp still contains THC, but not at levels that can be intoxicating. However, it can contain higher levels of CBD that is non-intoxicating. Many people are using hemp-derived CBD products today for more than just CBD consumption. Hemp fibers can be used to make paper, clothing, textiles, fuel, and feedstock. It is an incredibly versatile plant!


In our next installment of the Cannabis 101 series, we will preview the wide range of marketable cannabis products. Gather your industry questions, and contact Canna Business Services for guidance on how to begin your cannabis business!

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